1298. Maximum Candies You Can Get from Boxes

Given n boxes, each box is given in the format [status, candies, keys, containedBoxes] where:

  • status[i]: an integer which is 1 if box[i] is open and 0 if box[i] is closed.
  • candies[i]: an integer representing the number of candies in box[i].
  • keys[i]: an array contains the indices of the boxes you can open with the key in box[i].
  • containedBoxes[i]: an array contains the indices of the boxes found in box[i].

You will start with some boxes given in initialBoxes array. You can take all the candies in any open box and you can use the keys in it to open new boxes and you also can use the boxes you find in it.

Return the maximum number of candies you can get following the rules above.

 

Example 1:

Input: status = [1,0,1,0], candies = [7,5,4,100], keys = [[],[],[1],[]], containedBoxes = [[1,2],[3],[],[]], initialBoxes = [0]
Output: 16
Explanation: You will be initially given box 0. You will find 7 candies in it and boxes 1 and 2. Box 1 is closed and you don't have a key for it so you will open box 2. You will find 4 candies and a key to box 1 in box 2.
In box 1, you will find 5 candies and box 3 but you will not find a key to box 3 so box 3 will remain closed.
Total number of candies collected = 7 + 4 + 5 = 16 candy.

Example 2:

Input: status = [1,0,0,0,0,0], candies = [1,1,1,1,1,1], keys = [[1,2,3,4,5],[],[],[],[],[]], containedBoxes = [[1,2,3,4,5],[],[],[],[],[]], initialBoxes = [0]
Output: 6
Explanation: You have initially box 0. Opening it you can find boxes 1,2,3,4 and 5 and their keys. The total number of candies will be 6.

Example 3:

Input: status = [1,1,1], candies = [100,1,100], keys = [[],[0,2],[]], containedBoxes = [[],[],[]], initialBoxes = [1]
Output: 1

Example 4:

Input: status = [1], candies = [100], keys = [[]], containedBoxes = [[]], initialBoxes = []
Output: 0

Example 5:

Input: status = [1,1,1], candies = [2,3,2], keys = [[],[],[]], containedBoxes = [[],[],[]], initialBoxes = [2,1,0]
Output: 7

 

Constraints:

  • 1 <= status.length <= 1000
  • status.length == candies.length == keys.length == containedBoxes.length == n
  • status[i] is 0 or 1.
  • 1 <= candies[i] <= 1000
  • 0 <= keys[i].length <= status.length
  • 0 <= keys[i][j] < status.length
  • All values in keys[i] are unique.
  • 0 <= containedBoxes[i].length <= status.length
  • 0 <= containedBoxes[i][j] < status.length
  • All values in containedBoxes[i] are unique.
  • Each box is contained in one box at most.
  • 0 <= initialBoxes.length <= status.length
  • 0 <= initialBoxes[i] < status.length

Rust Solution

struct Solution;

use std::collections::HashSet;
use std::collections::VecDeque;

impl Solution {
    fn max_candies(
        mut status: Vec<i32>,
        candies: Vec<i32>,
        keys: Vec<Vec<i32>>,
        contained_boxes: Vec<Vec<i32>>,
        initial_boxes: Vec<i32>,
    ) -> i32 {
        let mut opened_boxes: VecDeque<usize> = VecDeque::new();
        let mut closed_boxes: HashSet<usize> = HashSet::new();
        let mut keys_available: VecDeque<usize> = VecDeque::new();
        let mut res = 0;
        for x in initial_boxes {
            let x = x as usize;
            if status[x] == 0 {
                closed_boxes.insert(x);
            } else {
                opened_boxes.push_back(x);
            }
        }
        loop {
            let mut done = true;
            for _ in 0..opened_boxes.len() {
                if let Some(x) = opened_boxes.pop_front() {
                    status[x] = 2;
                    res += candies[x];
                    for &k in keys[x].iter() {
                        done = false;
                        let k = k as usize;
                        keys_available.push_back(k);
                    }
                    for &y in contained_boxes[x].iter() {
                        done = false;
                        let y = y as usize;
                        if status[y] == 0 {
                            closed_boxes.insert(y);
                        } else {
                            opened_boxes.push_back(y);
                        }
                    }
                }
            }
            for _ in 0..keys_available.len() {
                if let Some(k) = keys_available.pop_front() {
                    if status[k] == 2 {
                        continue;
                    }
                    if closed_boxes.remove(&k) {
                        done = false;
                        opened_boxes.push_back(k);
                    } else {
                        keys_available.push_back(k);
                    }
                }
            }
            if done {
                break;
            }
        }
        res
    }
}

#[test]
fn test() {
    let status = vec![1, 0, 1, 0];
    let candies = vec![7, 5, 4, 100];
    let keys = vec_vec_i32![[], [], [1], []];
    let contained_boxes = vec_vec_i32![[1, 2], [3], [], []];
    let initial_boxes = vec![0];
    let res = 16;
    assert_eq!(
        Solution::max_candies(status, candies, keys, contained_boxes, initial_boxes),
        res
    );
    let status = vec![1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0];
    let candies = vec![1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1];
    let keys = vec_vec_i32![[1, 2, 3, 4, 5], [], [], [], [], []];
    let contained_boxes = vec_vec_i32![[1, 2, 3, 4, 5], [], [], [], [], []];
    let initial_boxes = vec![0];
    let res = 6;
    assert_eq!(
        Solution::max_candies(status, candies, keys, contained_boxes, initial_boxes),
        res
    );
    let status = vec![1, 1, 1];
    let candies = vec![100, 1, 100];
    let keys = vec_vec_i32![[], [0, 2], []];
    let contained_boxes = vec_vec_i32![[], [], []];
    let initial_boxes = vec![1];
    let res = 1;
    assert_eq!(
        Solution::max_candies(status, candies, keys, contained_boxes, initial_boxes),
        res
    );
    let status = vec![1];
    let candies = vec![100];
    let keys = vec_vec_i32![[]];
    let contained_boxes = vec_vec_i32![[]];
    let initial_boxes = vec![];
    let res = 0;
    assert_eq!(
        Solution::max_candies(status, candies, keys, contained_boxes, initial_boxes),
        res
    );
    let status = vec![1, 1, 1];
    let candies = vec![2, 3, 2];
    let keys = vec_vec_i32![[], [], []];
    let contained_boxes = vec_vec_i32![[], [], []];
    let initial_boxes = vec![2, 1, 0];
    let res = 7;
    assert_eq!(
        Solution::max_candies(status, candies, keys, contained_boxes, initial_boxes),
        res
    );
}

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