147. Insertion Sort List

Sort a linked list using insertion sort.


A graphical example of insertion sort. The partial sorted list (black) initially contains only the first element in the list.
With each iteration one element (red) is removed from the input data and inserted in-place into the sorted list

 

Algorithm of Insertion Sort:

  1. Insertion sort iterates, consuming one input element each repetition, and growing a sorted output list.
  2. At each iteration, insertion sort removes one element from the input data, finds the location it belongs within the sorted list, and inserts it there.
  3. It repeats until no input elements remain.


Example 1:

Input: 4->2->1->3
Output: 1->2->3->4

Example 2:

Input: -1->5->3->4->0
Output: -1->0->3->4->5

Rust Solution

struct Solution;
use rustgym_util::*;

trait Insertion {
    fn insert(self, link: ListLink) -> ListLink;
}

impl Insertion for ListLink {
    fn insert(self, mut link: ListLink) -> ListLink {
        let val = link.as_ref().unwrap().val;
        if let Some(mut node) = self {
            if node.val > val {
                link.as_mut().unwrap().next = Some(node);
                link
            } else {
                node.next = node.next.take().insert(link);
                Some(node)
            }
        } else {
            link
        }
    }
}

impl Solution {
    fn insertion_sort_list(mut head: ListLink) -> ListLink {
        let mut prev = None;
        while let Some(mut node) = head {
            head = node.next.take();
            prev = prev.insert(Some(node));
        }
        prev
    }
}

#[test]
fn test() {
    let head = list!(4, 2, 1, 3);
    let res = list!(1, 2, 3, 4);
    assert_eq!(Solution::insertion_sort_list(head), res);
    let head = list!(-1, 5, 3, 4, 0);
    let res = list!(-1, 0, 3, 4, 5);
    assert_eq!(Solution::insertion_sort_list(head), res);
}

Having problems with this solution? Click here to submit an issue on github.