1640. Check Array Formation Through Concatenation

You are given an array of distinct integers arr and an array of integer arrays pieces, where the integers in pieces are distinct. Your goal is to form arr by concatenating the arrays in pieces in any order. However, you are not allowed to reorder the integers in each array pieces[i].

Return true if it is possible to form the array arr from pieces. Otherwise, return false.

 

Example 1:

Input: arr = [85], pieces = [[85]]
Output: true

Example 2:

Input: arr = [15,88], pieces = [[88],[15]]
Output: true
Explanation: Concatenate [15] then [88]

Example 3:

Input: arr = [49,18,16], pieces = [[16,18,49]]
Output: false
Explanation: Even though the numbers match, we cannot reorder pieces[0].

Example 4:

Input: arr = [91,4,64,78], pieces = [[78],[4,64],[91]]
Output: true
Explanation: Concatenate [91] then [4,64] then [78]

Example 5:

Input: arr = [1,3,5,7], pieces = [[2,4,6,8]]
Output: false

 

Constraints:

  • 1 <= pieces.length <= arr.length <= 100
  • sum(pieces[i].length) == arr.length
  • 1 <= pieces[i].length <= arr.length
  • 1 <= arr[i], pieces[i][j] <= 100
  • The integers in arr are distinct.
  • The integers in pieces are distinct (i.e., If we flatten pieces in a 1D array, all the integers in this array are distinct).

Rust Solution

struct Solution;

impl Solution {
    fn can_form_array(arr: Vec<i32>, pieces: Vec<Vec<i32>>) -> bool {
        let n = arr.len();
        Self::dp(n, &arr, &pieces)
    }

    fn dp(n: usize, arr: &[i32], pieces: &[Vec<i32>]) -> bool {
        if n == 0 {
            return true;
        }
        for piece in pieces {
            let m = piece.len();
            if m <= n && arr[n - m..n] == piece[0..m] && Self::dp(n - m, arr, pieces) {
                return true;
            }
        }
        false
    }
}

#[test]
fn test() {
    let arr = vec![85];
    let pieces = vec_vec_i32![[85]];
    let res = true;
    assert_eq!(Solution::can_form_array(arr, pieces), res);
    let arr = vec![15, 88];
    let pieces = vec_vec_i32![[88], [15]];
    let res = true;
    assert_eq!(Solution::can_form_array(arr, pieces), res);
    let arr = vec![49, 18, 16];
    let pieces = vec_vec_i32![[16, 18, 49]];
    let res = false;
    assert_eq!(Solution::can_form_array(arr, pieces), res);
    let arr = vec![91, 4, 64, 78];
    let pieces = vec_vec_i32![[78], [4, 64], [91]];
    let res = true;
    assert_eq!(Solution::can_form_array(arr, pieces), res);
    let arr = vec![1, 3, 5, 7];
    let pieces = vec_vec_i32![[2, 4, 6, 8]];
    let res = false;
    assert_eq!(Solution::can_form_array(arr, pieces), res);
}

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