166. Fraction to Recurring Decimal

Given two integers representing the `numerator` and `denominator` of a fraction, return the fraction in string format.

If the fractional part is repeating, enclose the repeating part in parentheses.

If multiple answers are possible, return any of them.

It is guaranteed that the length of the answer string is less than `104` for all the given inputs.

Example 1:

```Input: numerator = 1, denominator = 2
Output: "0.5"
```

Example 2:

```Input: numerator = 2, denominator = 1
Output: "2"
```

Example 3:

```Input: numerator = 2, denominator = 3
Output: "0.(6)"
```

Example 4:

```Input: numerator = 4, denominator = 333
Output: "0.(012)"
```

Example 5:

```Input: numerator = 1, denominator = 5
Output: "0.2"
```

Constraints:

• `-231 <= numerator, denominator <= 231 - 1`
• `denominator != 0`

166. Fraction to Recurring Decimal
``````struct Solution;
use std::collections::HashMap;
use std::iter::FromIterator;

impl Solution {
fn fraction_to_decimal(numerator: i32, denominator: i32) -> String {
if numerator == 0 {
return "0".to_string();
}
let mut res: Vec<char> = vec![];
if (numerator < 0) ^ (denominator < 0) {
res.push('-');
}
let n = (numerator as i64).abs();
let d = (denominator as i64).abs();
res.append(&mut format!("{}", n / d).chars().collect());
let mut r = n % d;
if r == 0 {
return String::from_iter(res);
}
res.push('.');
let mut hs: HashMap<i64, usize> = HashMap::new();
while r != 0 {
if let Some(index) = hs.insert(r, res.len()) {
res.insert(index, '(');
res.push(')');
break;
}
r *= 10;
res.append(&mut format!("{}", r / d).chars().collect());
r %= d;
}
String::from_iter(res)
}
}

#[test]
fn test() {
let numerator = 1;
let denominator = 2;
let res = "0.5".to_string();
assert_eq!(Solution::fraction_to_decimal(numerator, denominator), res);
let numerator = 2;
let denominator = 1;
let res = "2".to_string();
assert_eq!(Solution::fraction_to_decimal(numerator, denominator), res);
let numerator = 2;
let denominator = 3;
let res = "0.(6)".to_string();
assert_eq!(Solution::fraction_to_decimal(numerator, denominator), res);
let numerator = 1;
let denominator = 333;
let res = "0.(003)".to_string();
assert_eq!(Solution::fraction_to_decimal(numerator, denominator), res);
let numerator = 1;
let denominator = 6;
let res = "0.1(6)".to_string();
assert_eq!(Solution::fraction_to_decimal(numerator, denominator), res);
let numerator = -50;
let denominator = 8;
let res = "-6.25".to_string();
assert_eq!(Solution::fraction_to_decimal(numerator, denominator), res);
let numerator = -1;
let denominator = -2_147_483_648;
let res = "0.0000000004656612873077392578125".to_string();
assert_eq!(Solution::fraction_to_decimal(numerator, denominator), res);
}
``````