833. Find And Replace in String

To some string S, we will perform some replacement operations that replace groups of letters with new ones (not necessarily the same size).

Each replacement operation has 3 parameters: a starting index i, a source word x and a target word y.  The rule is that if x starts at position i in the original string S, then we will replace that occurrence of x with y.  If not, we do nothing.

For example, if we have S = "abcd" and we have some replacement operation i = 2, x = "cd", y = "ffff", then because "cd" starts at position 2 in the original string S, we will replace it with "ffff".

Using another example on S = "abcd", if we have both the replacement operation i = 0, x = "ab", y = "eee", as well as another replacement operation i = 2, x = "ec", y = "ffff", this second operation does nothing because in the original string S[2] = 'c', which doesn't match x[0] = 'e'.

All these operations occur simultaneously.  It's guaranteed that there won't be any overlap in replacement: for example, S = "abc", indexes = [0, 1], sources = ["ab","bc"] is not a valid test case.

 

Example 1:

Input: S = "abcd", indexes = [0, 2], sources = ["a", "cd"], targets = ["eee", "ffff"]
Output: "eeebffff"
Explanation:
"a" starts at index 0 in S, so it's replaced by "eee".
"cd" starts at index 2 in S, so it's replaced by "ffff".

Example 2:

Input: S = "abcd", indexes = [0, 2], sources = ["ab","ec"], targets = ["eee","ffff"]
Output: "eeecd"
Explanation:
"ab" starts at index 0 in S, so it's replaced by "eee".
"ec" doesn't starts at index 2 in the original S, so we do nothing.

 

Constraints:

  • 0 <= S.length <= 1000
  • S consists of only lowercase English letters.
  • 0 <= indexes.length <= 100
  • 0 <= indexes[i] < S.length
  • sources.length == indexes.length
  • targets.length == indexes.length
  • 1 <= sources[i].length, targets[i].length <= 50
  • sources[i] and targets[i] consist of only lowercase English letters.

Rust Solution

struct Solution;

type Pair = (usize, usize);

impl Solution {
    fn find_replace_string(
        mut s: String,
        indexes: Vec<i32>,
        sources: Vec<String>,
        targets: Vec<String>,
    ) -> String {
        let n = indexes.len();
        let mut v: Vec<Pair> = vec![];
        for i in 0..n {
            v.push((indexes[i] as usize, i));
        }
        v.sort_unstable();
        for (i, j) in v.into_iter().rev() {
            let source = &sources[j];
            let m = source.len();
            let target = &targets[j];
            if i + m <= s.len() && &s[i..i + m] == source {
                s.replace_range(i..i + m, target);
            }
        }
        s
    }
}

#[test]
fn test() {
    let s = "abcd".to_string();
    let indexes = vec![0, 2];
    let sources = vec_string!["a", "cd"];
    let targets = vec_string!["eee", "ffff"];
    let res = "eeebffff".to_string();
    assert_eq!(
        Solution::find_replace_string(s, indexes, sources, targets),
        res
    );
    let s = "abcd".to_string();
    let indexes = vec![0, 2];
    let sources = vec_string!["ab", "ec"];
    let targets = vec_string!["eee", "ffff"];
    let res = "eeecd".to_string();
    assert_eq!(
        Solution::find_replace_string(s, indexes, sources, targets),
        res
    );
}

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