945. Minimum Increment to Make Array Unique

Given an array of integers A, a move consists of choosing any A[i], and incrementing it by 1.

Return the least number of moves to make every value in A unique.

 

Example 1:

Input: [1,2,2]
Output: 1
Explanation:  After 1 move, the array could be [1, 2, 3].

Example 2:

Input: [3,2,1,2,1,7]
Output: 6
Explanation:  After 6 moves, the array could be [3, 4, 1, 2, 5, 7].
It can be shown with 5 or less moves that it is impossible for the array to have all unique values.

 

Note:

  1. 0 <= A.length <= 40000
  2. 0 <= A[i] < 40000
 

Rust Solution

struct Solution;

impl Solution {
    fn min_increment_for_unique(mut a: Vec<i32>) -> i32 {
        let mut res = 0;
        a.sort_unstable();
        let mut prev: Option<i32> = None;
        for x in a {
            if let Some(y) = prev {
                if x <= y {
                    res += y + 1 - x;
                    prev = Some(y + 1);
                } else {
                    prev = Some(x);
                }
            } else {
                prev = Some(x);
            }
        }
        res
    }
}

#[test]
fn test() {
    let a = vec![1, 2, 2];
    let res = 1;
    assert_eq!(Solution::min_increment_for_unique(a), res);
    let a = vec![3, 2, 1, 2, 1, 7];
    let res = 6;
    assert_eq!(Solution::min_increment_for_unique(a), res);
}

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